There are two different types of Fleckvieh, meaning they can be selected for beef or milk, depending on specific breeding criteria. Each type has its own breeding aims.
Fleckvieh are strong in fitness and high yielding dual-purpose cattle. The ideal Fleckvieh cow in milk shows a strong forehand and maintains sufficient muscling on back and hindlegs to keep stability and health even during peak lactation. The body proportions are harmonious both when standing still and in motion. Fleckvieh cattle are characterised by their sound feet and legs.
Adult Fleckvieh cows reach a height at cross of 140 – 150cm and a chest girth of 210 – 240cm with a life weight of 650 to 850kg.
The udder is firmly attached and has an udder depth which remains above the hocks even after several lactations.
The breeding aim is defined by the economical total merit index (TMI). The milk, beef and fitness traits are well balanced. All individual traits are weighted according to their economical importance on farm basis.
The aim is to improve yield and animal fitness and health whilst maintaining meat production and to increase lifetime performance. The objective is a high functional longevity with an average lifetime production of 30.000kg.
The breed is medium to tall framed within the range of beef cattle breeds, being long with a wide and deep body. Fleckvieh cattle have flat boned legs, fitting well with the body’s strength, ending up in hard hooves. They show good muscularity in all parts of the body.
The cows show functional udders and best maternal traits. They are well known for regular fertility, excellent adaptability and docile character. Outstanding trait of the Fleckvieh cow is the top milk yield, ensuring high weaning weights.
During fattening, high daily gains and slaugter weights are realized due to high feed intake. The outstanding muscling and a low fat content in the carcass provide the market demands.
Growth performance of breeding young stock:
|Daily weight gain of female weaners:||at least 1.150g|
|Daily weight gain of young breeding bulls:||at least 1.400g|
Body size and live weights:
|Weight of an adult cow:||700 – 800kg|
|Height at cross of an adult cow:||140 – 150cm|
|Weight of an adult bull:||1.100 – 1.300kg|
|Height at cross of an adult bull:||150 – 165cm|
|Birth weight:||female 39kg, male 41kg|
|Age at first calving:||24 – 28 months|
|Intercalving period:||365 days|
|EUROP grade:||young bulls E and U > 80%|
|Beef quality:||tender, well marbled beef|
To breed genetically polled cattle is still an important goal.
Horned bulls may be used to infuse new bloodlines.
The basic colours of the breed are light to dark yellow and red to dark red on white ground. The distribution of colours may be spotted, speckled or most of the body solid coloured. An important trademark of the breed ist the dominant white head with a broad muzzle. Eye spectacles or eyelid pigmentations occur frequently. Belly, feet and tail are white, too.