Fullblood being 100% pure or 15/16th pure by reference to pedigree
- Type and Balance
A dual purpose animal possessing a great measure of good beef and milk producing characteristics. Sex characteristics must be clearly visible and animals must have a good frame, length, width, depth, capacity, balance and symmetry. Bulls more muscular than females.
- Character Temperament
Calm and placid, yet alert.
- Sex Characteristics
Bull: Strong, masculine with good general muscle development particularly on forearm, shoulder, eye muscle and hindquarter; no excessive fat particularly in the flanks, brisket and around the tailend; testes well-developed and of uniform size, sheath not pendulous. Older bulls develop heavier and more muscular in the forequarter. Hair on the neck and head longer and coarser than females.
Female: Feminine appearance, wedge-shaped outline, especially when in milk, neither overdeveloped muscling nor massive and heavy, no excessive fat deposit on any part of the body; well developed genital organs, heifers udder and teat development must be visible.
Joints firm and dry; skin pliable; thick and supple; hooves strong, of good quality and texture.
Head and Neck
Head: Adequate width, of medium length, slightly dished between the eyes.
Forehead: Good width between the eyes tapering slightly towards the poll.
Eyebrows: Prominent, large with pliable, thick wrinkled skin around the eyes.
Muzzle: Wide, oval and strong.
Nostrils: Large and oval.
Teeth: Large and strong, incisors fitting well against the pad.
Horns: All horned animals to be dehorned, no discrimination against naturally polled animals.
Ears: Large, flexible fine texture, covered with long hair along the upper inner section.
Eyes: Large, bright with a placid expression and flexible eyelids.
Jaws: Deep and strong, well developed and cheeks not fleshy.
Neck: Medium length and deep, strongly attached to the head and shoulders. More developed in the bull. Skin of the neck loose with deep folds with the dewlap extending from below the jaw to behind the brisket.
Forequarter Shoulders: Shoulder blade to slope slightly forward from top to bottom with the desired rounding and strong muscle attachment to the chest, withers and neck. Good width between the shoulder points, however, not prominent. Chest depth in proportion to wither height, i.e. a good relative chest depth and width. Well muscled forearm in bulls.
Long, wide and deep with good spring of rib (i.e. capacity), well blended into fore and hindquarter
Straight, long, broad with full muscling. Viewed from the side, the topline will not necessarily be straight due to prominent loin muscle development, particularly in bulls.
Broad and well-muscled,
Broad, long and well-sprung slightly to the rear.
Long, wide and deep, with well-developed muscles joining the hindquarter firmly to the centrepiece. In the bull, the frame is covered with muscling, while cows may show more prominence in the hips. Hips wide and in proportion to the rest of the body. Good thurl and pinbone width. Rump long and wide, with a slight fall to pinbones. Thighs wide, well muscled, extending below the flank to a well-developed second thigh. Tailhead straight, horizontal, however, may be set slightly high. Tail long with a large switch.
Legs, Hooves, Stances and Stride
Strong oval and widely placed to facilitate an easy and free moving stride.
Strong, well developed and dry.
Broad, strong and dry with the correct angle and a well-defined hamstring.
Strong, dry and elastic with the correct angle.
Uniform, of medium size, oval, deep and close together.
Udder and Teats:
A capacious, well attached udder of high quality, revealing high production potential, i.e., long, broad, of moderate depth with well-balanced quarters. The udder is covered with short, soft, silky hair. Pliable and elastic in texture. Heifers must display good udder and teat development.
Uniform, cylindrical and of adequate size and length.
Well-developed, long and winding with large milk wells.
Testicles firm, of equal size, well-developed with a fairly short seminal cord. Controllable sheath, short to medium size, must hand diagonally to the front.
Minimum scrotal circumferences:
Mass: 300-350 kg = 30 cm, 351-400 kg = 32 cm, 401-450 kg = 33 cm, 451 – 500 kg = 34 cm, 501 – 550 kg = 35 cm, 551 – 600 kg = 36 cm, 601 kg + = 37 cm
Skin and Hair:
Thick, ample, pliable and loose skin with short, glossy hair with due allowance for the season and age.
Colour and Pigmentation:
Adequate pigmentation, hair colour may vary from dark brown/red to cream with white spots or patches in any pattern or even speckles irregularly spread over the body. Pigmented eyelids are desirable. Muzzle to be flesh coloured or brown – blue spots on the muzzle are permissible.
Cream to dark brown.
Size and Weight:
Animals must be well grown for their age.
DISCRIMINATIONS AND DISQUALIFICATIONS DEPENDING ON DEGREE OF DEVIATION
Any sign of impurity
Under-developed eyebrows, especially in bulls.
Females with a masculine or steer-like appearance.
Malformed genital organs or scrotal circumference under the set minimum.
Excessive sheath skin and/or prolapse of the prepuce.
Thin and tight skin – particularly in bulls.
Any structural defects.
Poor stance and stride.
Excessively fine or excessively coarse bone structure.
Narrow, straight hocks with under-developed hamstring.
Flat, drooping or roofy rump.
Any genetic abnormality.
Any sign of notifiable disease e.g. Johne’s Disease